- Your back maintains you in a stable upright position
- Your back helps you to be mobile
Why is your back vulnerable to injury?
- We continually place constant stress on it
- Because we are weight bearing
- We are constantly changing our posture
This is why you must use your back properly and keep your spine strong and flexible.
The working parts of the spine
- Vertebrae (the bones)
- Discs (the cushions that separate the bones)
- Joints (the pivot areas)
- Ligaments (they hold the spine together)
- Muscles (provide the movement)
- Nerves (the monitoring system)
Before you lift:
- Check the object
- Is the load packed right?
- Is the load easy to grip?
- Is the load easy to reach?
- Test the weight of the object
- Clear a pathway
- Stretch before you lift
- Ask for help if needed
Factors we have no control over:
- Structure and anatomy
- Time of Day
- Level of fitness
- Factors we have the most control over:
- Lifestyle (active or sedentary)
- Proper body mechanics and lifting techniques
ANATOMY OF THE SPINE
A Healthy back is a flexible, strong, and pain-free. Its chief functions are to support your upper body, protect your spinal cord, allow flexibility, and provide a point of attachment for your muscles and ligaments. The spine is composed of many bones (vertebrae) which form three curves in the back to provide our backs with flexibility and shock absorption.
Cervical Region: The neck is made up of 7 vertebrae which has an inward curve or cervical lordosis.
Thoracic Region: the mid-back is made up of 12 vertebrae with 12 ribs attached. This region has an outward curve or Thoracic kyphosis.
Lumbar Region: The low back is made up of 5 vertebrae and has an inward curve or lumbar lordosis.
Sacrum: The sacrum is a solid mass of bone or 5 fused vertebrae.
|< Prev||Next >|